The 42 Laws of MAAT

By Antoinette McKesson

The Laws of MAAT, known as the Declaration of Innocence, are the oldest Afrikan book of Holy Scriptures. Maat was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice. Maat was also personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation.

As a principle, Maat was developed to meet the complex needs of the emergent Egyptian state that embraced diverse peoples with conflicting interests. These rules sought to avert chaos, violence and lies, expressed in the concept of Isfet.

The significance of Maat rules embraced all aspects of existence, including: fair dealings, honesty and truthfulness in social interactions, achieving impartiality, social justice, the equilibrium of the universe, cycle of the seasons, religious observations, and heavenly movements. Morning affirmations would affirm “I will not…” and the evening affirmations would affirm “I have not…”

The Hall of Maat is where the judgment of the dead was performed. The scales of Maat would weigh one’s heart against the feather of Maat (representing truth and justice) to ascertain whether one was worthy of joining the Gods in the Fields of Peace. Thus, The 42 Laws of Maat became the basis of Egyptian law.

Dr. Phil Valentine teaches that “thought pollution sets the precedence for every other type of pollution.” Our thinking is creating our thoughts and our thoughts determine our actions – because thoughts turn into things. We can tell the types of thoughts a community is having based on its condition.

If a nation can rise no higher than the woman who sets the standard, then what has happened to the consciousness and thought processes of the Black woman who gives life to the Black nation? If a nation is founded on the principles of a man providing for his family, then what has happened to the consciousness of the Black man?

One of but many prevailing problems in the Black community, is the worship of religion that keeps the Black community polarized, confused and disorganized.

How much better the Black nation would be if we were to put aside our religious differences and focus on honoring the ancient laws of Maat? Character development is the basis of honoring the 42 laws of MAAT. Those without a pure heart, character and integrity will find it difficult to honor these principles.

In the coming weeks, I will cover all 42 Laws of MAAT individually.

“Watch your thoughts; they become words; watch your words; they become actions. Watch your actions; they become habits; watch your habits; they become character. Watch your character; it becomes your destiny.” – Patrick Overton

About Antoinette McKesson

A Life Coach and writer, Antoinette McKesson is a Network Field Engineer IT Certified A+, Network+, Security+ professional. She holds Certifications in Holistic Fitness and Personal Training through the American Council on Exercise. Antoinette is a Certified CPR/AED Instructor through the American Heart Association, focusing her efforts on the Go Red campaign. Antoinette, who is a national deans list and honor society honoree, is completing a self-help book on relationships. You can reach Antoinette at

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